308 results found for 'buildings'

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 3 Brickwork

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 127 (2001)


    In the previous extract from Roye England's notebooks, his basic techniques in modelling stonework were described. In these notes, he describes some of his methods for modelling brickwork, starting with a description of how to set out the bonding pattern of one of the most common styles seen on buildings that were included in the Vale Scene - Flemish bond - where the bricks were laid alternatively as stretchers (lengthways) and headers (crossways). I am also including some notes on weathering techniques as applied both to areas of brick and also stonework.

    Tags: buildings, scratchbuilding, techniques

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 4 Timberwork

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 128 (2001)


    Timberwork features in a range of different uses within the buildings that Roye modelled for Pendon - both for basic structural work and also for surfacing. In these notes, a range of applications are illustrated, starting with some comments on the structural timbers in the magnificent model of the barn from Badbury Farm.

    Tags: buildings, scratchbuilding, techniques

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 5 Windows

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 129 (2001)


    In this set of extracts, Roye describes some of his methods for producing windows. The buildings that he modelled for the Vale Scene generally feature two styles of window - casements and sash - and whilst the majority were made with wooden glazing bars, some of the buildings he modelled featured leaded lights. The notes below concern each of these variations. First, Roye describes how he made case ment windows for cottages in the Chapel Group.

    Tags: scratchbuilding, techniques

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 6 Interiors

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 130 (2001)


    One of the most celebrated facets of Roye England's modelling was the attention that he paid to the interiors of cottages. This, like so much of his work, was truly innovative and gave, of course, full scope for him to indulge his fascination with the incorporation of detail into his models. His notes on modelling interiors run to more than 30 pages, from which I have selected some extracts that describe some of the fittings to what is perhaps his best-known interior, the front room of White Cottage on the corner of the Chapel Group. The most striking feature of these descriptions is the relative simplicity of the methods used, but, as those who have seen the interior of this model will probably testify, the composite effect is a quite stunning portrayal of a commonplace living room of the 1930s. There is, perhaps, a wider lesson here - that simple methods are often just as adequate as more elaborate approaches in attaining high quality modelling. First of all, Roye writes about some of the larger items within the room.

    Tags: buildings, detailing, scratchbuilding

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 7 Tiles and Slates

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 131 (2001)


    Roye's techniques for modelling tiles and slates were broadly similar, the key differences being in the differing dimensions of the two types of roofing and their thickness, terracotta tiles being generally thicker than slates. Here he describes the basic task of marking out and cutting tiles for the models of the farmhouse from Badbury Farm and one of the sheds attached to the smithy from Childrey.

    Tags: buildings, scratchbuilding, techniques

  • Roye England's Modelling Notebooks - Part 8 Weathering Tiles and Slates

    Stephen Williams, Roye England

    Issue 132 (2002)


    Another of the secrets of Roye's success as a modeller of buildings was the skill that he brought to the task of weathering his models. At with so much of his work, his careful methods were the outcome of careful observation of the original buildings, matched with a great deal of experimentation into ways of replicating the colours and textures that he noted. In this extract I am reproducing some of his notes on weathering of slated and, particularly, tiled roofs. The roof is an important facet of a model building since in most viewing situations, it is clearly seen - often from above - in a manner that is seldom true of real buildings. Modellers, therefore, need to pay particular attention to the realism of their miniature roofs and careful weathering will certainly help. The notes in this article deal solely with the visual qualities of mosses and lichens, (rather than the effects of soot or airborne pollutants) but I think that modellers will find that if they replicate these techniques, the roofs of their models can be made to look really natural. I have retained Roye's simple descriptions of the different growths that he noted on the roofs of the cottages in the Vale of White Horse, rather than substituting their botanical names. These notes actually originated in a lengthy letter that Roye wrote to me in 1983 in response to a request for guidance on weathering roofs for a Pendon model I had under construction at that time, but subsequent research has located the same information in the full records from which these articles are drawn.

    Tags: buildings, weathering

  • RTR Southern Coaches for 2mm

    Jerry Clifford

    Issue 256 (2017)



    As an addendum to John Aldrick's comprehensive piece on kit building coaches in 2mm scale, Jerry Clifford titivates some of the more recent 2mm offerings

    Tags: coaches, detailing, RTR / ready-to-run, SR / Southern Railway

  • Sandon Station

    Stephen Williams

    Issue 19 (1988)



    A North Staffordshire Railway station in 4mm scale, built and described by Stephen Williams.

    Tags: buildings, drawings / plans, North Staffordshire Railway

  • Scale and Gauge in Proportion

    Joe Brook-Smith

    Issue 39 (1990)


    The proliferation of designations dreamed up by modellers working to varying degrees of prototype accuracy has done little to help newcomers and novices in the hobby, but the problem is much older than that. Joe Brook SMith - famous for the finescale track-building system which bears his name - is a serious student of model railway history and explains how the 'domino effect' of compromise and confusion has landed us in our present mess. He offers some aids to understanding and some pointers to a simpler future.

    Tags: scales / gauges

  • Scaleforum 2004

    Issue 154 (2004)


    4mm, 4mm/P4

    The standard of entries in this year's competitions - judged by Mike Sharman and Tim Shackleton - was as high as ever, with scratchbuilds slugging it out with heavily adapted kits. Steve Hall's rake of four Grampus ballast wagons - described in detail in this issue - unaccountably failed to catch the judges' eye, but here are some models that did.

    Johnson 0-4-4T built by Morgan Gilbert, Thompson suburban coaches built by Keith Bradbury, Highland road van and Caledonian Railway tank wagon built by Ray Nolton, GWR 'County' 4-4-2T built by Jeff Day, gasworks retort house scratchbuilt by Andy McMillan

    Tags: buildings, coaches, exhibitions / events, societies, steam locomotives, wagons